enquire, enquiry/inquire, inquiry


enquire, enquiry/inquire, inquiry
С XIII в., когда enquire/inquire попало в английский язык из французского, и до 20-х гг. XX в. оба написания использовались примерно с равной частотой и имели одно и то же значение. В настоящее время in - формы преобладают в американском английском, в то время как в Британии en - формы употребляются только в значении «задавать вопрос», «интересоваться»:

He enquired after her health. — Он справился о её здоровье.

Слово inquire и особенно существительное inquiry используются в контексте, относящемуся к официальному расследованию: an inquiry agent («агент по расследованию», частный детектив), a police inquiry (полицейское расследование), a special committee of inquiry (особая комиссия по расследованию). Вот наглядный пример такого различия:

I'd like to enquire about the progress of the inquiry. — Я бы хотел узнать, как идёт расследование.

В американском английском существительное inquiry имеет ударение на первом слоге.

English-Russian dictionary of expressions. 2014.

Смотреть что такое "enquire, enquiry/inquire, inquiry" в других словарях:

  • enquire / enquiry vs inquire / inquiry —   In British English there s a subtle difference between enquiry and inquiry, but Americans tend to use inquiry for both, as a result the lines are getting blurred, but generally:   If you enquire about someone or something you ask about them.… …   English dictionary of common mistakes and confusing words

  • enquire / enquiry vs inquire / inquiry —   In British English there s a subtle difference between enquiry and inquiry, but Americans tend to use inquiry for both, as a result the lines are getting blurred, but generally:   If you enquire about someone or something you ask about them.… …   English dictionary of common mistakes and confusing words

  • enquire / enquiry vs inquire / inquiry —   In British English there s a subtle difference between enquiry and inquiry, but Americans tend to use inquiry for both, as a result the lines are getting blurred, but generally:   If you enquire about someone or something you ask about them.… …   English dictionary of common mistakes and confusing words

  • inquire, inquiry — (esp. AmE) ⇨ See enquire, enquiry …   Collocations dictionary

  • enquire — enquire, enquiry, inquire, inquiry The forms in en and in have long been largely interchangeable. At present the in forms are dominant in all meanings in AmE, whereas in BrE there is a tendency to prefer the in forms for official or formal types… …   Modern English usage

  • enquiry — enquire, enquiry, inquire, inquiry The forms in en and in have long been largely interchangeable. At present the in forms are dominant in all meanings in AmE, whereas in BrE there is a tendency to prefer the in forms for official or formal types… …   Modern English usage

  • inquire — enquire, enquiry, inquire, inquiry The forms in en and in have long been largely interchangeable. At present the in forms are dominant in all meanings in AmE, whereas in BrE there is a tendency to prefer the in forms for official or formal types… …   Modern English usage

  • inquiry — enquire, enquiry, inquire, inquiry The forms in en and in have long been largely interchangeable. At present the in forms are dominant in all meanings in AmE, whereas in BrE there is a tendency to prefer the in forms for official or formal types… …   Modern English usage

  • enquire, inquire — Both spellings of this word are acceptable, although inquire is more widely used. Similarly, the noun inquiry is preferable to enquiry. Enquire (enquiry) is sometimes used for the act of questioning, whereas inquire (inquiry) refers to a more… …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • enquire — verb chiefly Brit. 1》 ask for information.     ↘(enquire after) ask about the health and well being of.     ↘[as adjective enquiring] (of a look) suggesting that information is sought. 2》 (enquire into) investigate. Derivatives enquirer noun… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Self-enquiry — (also spelled self inquiry) (Sanskrit IAST|ātma vicāra ) is a practice of meditation designed to rapidly bring about Self realization, Self awareness, spiritual liberation or enlightenment, and is most commonly associated with its most famous… …   Wikipedia